2019年Selling an Idea or a Product tulsamastergardeners推销一个想法或产品tulsamastergardeners.ppt

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1、Perennial Flowers: Bed Preparation, Maintenance, and Design,David Hillock Assistant Extension Specialist/ Consumer Horticulture,Perennial Flowers,Advantages: Easy to grow, more permanent Versatile, sturdy, & relatively cheap Change of color over season Variation in texture & form Movable,Perennial F

2、lowers,Disadvantages: Short bloom period Pruning to keep attractive Require division,Site Selection & Soil Preparation cont.,Preparing soil is more important since undisturbed for longer periods,Planting,Planting times: Late summer- or fall-flowering plant in spring Spring-flowering plant in late su

3、mmer or fall Allow sufficient time to establish before bloom or onset of cold weather,Planting cont.,Allow plenty of space for spread Plant in clumps or groups of same variety Plan for succession of color/interest throughout season,Maintenance:,Water regularly Encourage deep, healthy roots Soaker ho

4、ses or drip Allow to dry moderately between watering Water occasionally during winter,Maintenance cont.,Mulching apply light mulch 1 - 2 inches thick shades out weed seed moderates soil temperatures holds moisture apply in winter after several killing frosts Do not pile mulch too heavy,Maintenance c

5、ont.,Deadheading remove spent, dried-up flowers and seed pods Maintain vigor Assure neatness,The Readers Digest Association, Inc./GID,Maintenance cont.,Disbudding Gain larger blooms Remove small side buds Staking Stake at planting or before new growth begins,Iowa State University,Ohio State Universi

6、ty,Maintenance cont.,Fertilize based on soil tests Do not overfertilize Light fertilization of balanced fertilizer is best Apply in spring,Maintenance cont.,Fall care: Remove dead foliage if disease or insects have been present Apply winter mulch after soil temperatures drop,Maintenance cont.,Divisi

7、on Divide opposite flowering time, however, many can be divided in fall or late winter Select only vigorous side shoots,Flower Species from A to Z,Shade perennial garden,Acanthus mollis Bears breech,Flower Colors: purple, white Bloom time: late spring to early summer Habit: 3-4 Culture: shade-part s

8、hade Utilization: shade garden, texture plant,Whitewater,Aegopodium podagraria bishops weed,Flower Colors: white - ns, foliage green with white margins Bloom time: late spring to early summer Habit: 8-10” Culture: full sun or shade, can be invasive, cut back old foliage with mower Utilization: groun

9、dcover,Ajuga reptans carpet bugleweed,Flower Colors: violet-blue, red, white or purple Bloom time: spring Habit: 6-9” mat-like Culture: sun, shade, tolerates poor soil Utilization: groundcover,Chocolate Chip,Alchemilla mollis Ladys Mantle,Flower Colors: yellowish-green or chartreuse Bloom time: late

10、 spring to early summer Habit: 8-10” tall (flower stems up to 18”), 24” wide Culture: part shade or full sun; moist, fertile soil Utilization: border, ground cover, rock garden, cut flower,Anemone x hybrida Japanese anemone,Flower Colors: white or pink Bloom time: late summer and fall Habit: 2-4 Cul

11、ture: morning sun, part shade; fertile, moist, well-drained soil Utilization: border,Aquilegia columbine,Flower Colors: blue, purple, pink, red, yellow, white Bloom time: late spring to early summer Habit: 1-3 erect Culture: full sun to part shade; excellent drainage Utilization: borders, naturalize

12、d settings, cut,Black Barlow,Arum italicum Pictum Italian Arum,Flower Colors: whitish-green spotted with purple Bloom time: late spring Habit: 12-18” clump Culture: full to part shade; keep moist spring/early summer Utilization: borders, naturalized settings; orange-red berries,Athyrium nipponicum P

13、ictum Japanese painted fern,Flower Colors: NS, foliage coarsely divided, gray to glaucous hue Habit: 12-18”, clump Culture: part to full shade, moist humus-rich soil; do not allow to dry Utilization: border, accent,Begonia grandis Hardy Begonia,Flower Colors: pink Bloom time: late summer/fall Habit:

14、 2 tall, loose sprays of flower clusters over clump of broad, green leaves Culture: part/full shade, moist humus-rich soil; tolerates deep shade and walnut trees Utilization: border, woodland,Bletilla striata Hardy Orchid,Flower Colors: purplish pink Bloom time: spring Habit: stiffly upright, 12” ta

15、ll, 9” wide Culture: part shade, moist, organic amended soil; do not let dry out Utilization: border, rock garden, containers,Brunnera macrophylla Siberian bugloss,Flower Colors: blue Bloom time: spring Habit: 12-18”, clump Culture: part to full shade, moist, well-drained soil Utilization: perennial

16、 border, naturalized planting, deciduous groundcover,Galium odoratum sweet woodruff,Flower Color: white - fragrant Bloom time: late spring Habit: 4-6”, groundcover with erect stems Culture: part to full shade; moist, well-drained soil Utilization: rock garden, naturalized, ground cover,Hakonechloa m

17、acra hakone grass,Flower Color: not showy; bamboo-like foliage bright green to yellow pinkish red fall color Habit: 1-2, weep horizontally Culture: moist, well-drained soil; light shade to half-day sun Utilization: ground cover, border, containers,Helleborus spp. Hellebores, Lenten rose,Flower Color

18、s: white, pink, spotted, plum Bloom time: late winter to spring Habit: 12-18” tall and wide; evergreen foliage Culture: part shade, high organic, well-drained soil; neutral to slightly alkaline Utilization: border, cut, hummingbirds/bees; unpalatable to deer, rabbits, gophers and moles; poisonous,He

19、uchera sanguinea coral bells, alum root,Flower Colors: white, pink, red Bloom time: late spring to early summer Habit: 12-20” tall, 12” wide Culture: part shade, well-drained soil Utilization: border, cut, hummingbirds/bees,Pewter Veil,Palace Purple,Amber Waves,Harmonic Convergence,x Heucherella,Flo

20、wer Colors: white, pink, red Bloom time: mid spring to early summer Habit: 12-18” tall, spreading, clump forming ground cover Culture: part shade, well-drained soil Utilization: border, ground cover,Sunspot,Lamium maculatum spotted deadnettle,Flower Colors: mauve-pink, pink, white Bloom time: late s

21、pring to mid summer Habit: wide spreading clump 8-12” tall Culture: part to full shade; well-drained, moist soil Utilization: ground cover, edging for border,Ligularia spp. Ragwort,Flower Colors: yellowish-orange Bloom time: mid summer to early fall Habit: mounded, 3-4 tall Culture: part to full sha

22、de; well-drained, moist to wet soil Utilization: specimen, bog garden,Britt Marie Crawford,Lycoris squamigera Resurrection Lily, Surprise Lily,Leaves appear in spring, then disappear in summer Flower scapes arise in late summer Full sun/part shade,Flower Colors: white Bloom time: late spring to earl

23、y summer Habit: 2-3 tall, 2-4 spread Culture: full sun to part shade; moist, well-drained soil (aggressive spreader) Utilization: woodland, naturalized areas, perennial border; rabbit resistant,Lysimachia clethroides Gooseneck Loosestrife,Flower Colors: white, red, pink Bloom time: late summer-fall

24、Habit: 4 tall and wide Culture: part shade, shade, sun; moist or dry soils Utilization: woodland, naturalized areas, perennial border; drought tolerant native. Birds, butterflies, hummingbirds.,Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii Turks Cap,Flower Colors: yellowish green to greenish white; bluish bl

25、ack fruit in fall Bloom time: late spring Habit: 2-3 tall with arching stems, 2 wide Culture: shade; cool, moist soil Utilization: woodland, naturalized areas, perennial border; native to NA,Polygonatum biflorum Solomons Seal,Flower Colors: pink, white or blue; variegated foliage Bloom time: late sp

26、ring Habit: 1 spreading clump, 2 wide Culture: full shade to part shade; cool, moist soil Utilization: front of border or as groundcover; single specimen,Pulmonaria Lungwort,Flower Color: red and yellow Bloom time: spring Habit: 1-2 tall, 1 wide Culture: part to full shade; moist or dry soils Utiliz

27、ation: woodland, perennial border, native garden; drought tolerant. Hummingbirds.,Spigelia marilandica Indian Pink,Flower Colors: bright yellow Bloom time: spring Habit: upright, 18” tall, 12” wide Culture: shade; well-drained, moist soil Utilization: woodland garden, shade perennial border (native)

28、,Stylophorum diphyllum Celandine poppy, woodland poppy,Flower Colors: Pale lilac, pink, or red with purple spots Bloom time: late summer, fall Habit: upright, 2-3 tall, 2 wide Culture: shade; well-drained, moist soil Utilization: woodland garden, shade perennial border, deer resistant,Tricyrtis hirt

29、a Toad Lily,Sun Perennial Garden,Agastache anise-hyssop, hummingbird mint,Flower Colors: blue, red, pink, orange, white Bloom time: late summer Habit: 3 erect Culture: sun, moist well-drained soil Utilization: border; bee, hummingbird, butterfly; flowers fragrant,Golden Jubilee,Ajania pacifica Pacif

30、ica mum,Flower Colors: yellow, foliage gray green with silver edge Bloom time: Oct. Habit: 1-2, spreading to 3 Culture: sun, part-shade; moist well-drained soil Utilization: Rock gardens, border foregrounds, containers. Attractive ground cover.,Amorpha canescens Lead Plant,Flower Colors: purple with

31、 orange-tipped stamens Bloom time: May-July Habit: 3-4 shrub Culture: sun, any soil Utilization: border; native garden (true prairie plant),Amsonia spp. Blue Star,Flower Colors: blue Bloom time: spring Habit: 3 upright spreading Culture: sun, moist well-drained soil Utilization: border; native garde

32、n,Amsonia hubrichtii,Amsonia Blue Ice,Artemisia wormwood,Flower Colors: ns; silver-white foliage Habit: 1-4 rounded Culture: sun, dry well-drained soil Utilization: cut, bed, border,Asclepias tuberosa butterfly weed,Flower Colors: orange Bloom time: late spring to mid summer Habit: 18-36” tall Cultu

33、re: sun, dry infertile soil Utilization: border, meadow, cut, butterfly,Baptisia australis false indigo,Flower Colors: indigo-blue, white, yellow (B. sphaerocarpa) Bloom time: mid to late spring Habit: 3-4 erect, 4 wide Culture: sun, part shade, well-drained soil, low fertility, drought tolerant Uti

34、lization: specimen, border; pods useful for dried arrangements,Callirhoe involucrata winecup, poppy mallow,Flower Colors: deep reddish-purple Bloom time: all summer Habit: 6-12” tall, spread to 3 Culture: sun, tolerates dry soils, tap root Utilization: border, rock garden, ground cover,Ceratostigma

35、plumbaginoides plumbago, leadwort,Flower Colors: dark blue Bloom time: summer to late fall Habit: 8-12” tall, 12-18” wide Culture: part shade or full sun, well-drained Utilization: ground cover, rock garden,Chelone lyonii Pink Turtlehead,Flower Colors: pink; also white and rose flowering species Blo

36、om time: late summer to early fall Habit: 3 tall, 2 wide Culture: part shade or full sun, consistently moist to wet Utilization: along stream or pond, border, or wild garden,Coreopsis verticillata threadleaf coreopsis, whorled tickseed,Flower Colors: bright to clear yellow Bloom time: late spring to

37、 early summer Habit: 2-3, dense, erect clump, 2 wide Culture: sun, dry; drought resistant Utilization: border, naturalized area, wildflower garden,Zagreb,Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora crocosmia, montbretia,Flower Colors: yellow, orange to orange-red Bloom time: mid to late summer Habit: 1-3 erect plant

38、 Culture: full sun, moist, well-drained soil Utilization: border, container, cut, hummingbird plant,Cynara cardunculus cardoon,Flower Colors: purple/lavender Bloom time: late summer to fall Habit: 3-6 h, 1-3 w Culture: full sun, moist, well-drained soil Utilization: close cousin to artichoke (edible

39、), border, container, specimen, cut,Delosperma nubigenum hardy ice plant,Flower Colors: yellow, (D. cooperi purple) Bloom time: spring Habit: 1” high spreading 3 Culture: sun, needs well drained soil; tolerates light, sandy soils Utilization: groundcover, rock garden,Echinacea purpurea purple conefl

40、ower,Flower Colors: purple, white Bloom time: summer Habit: 2-4 erect, 2 wide Culture: sun, light shade; well-drained soil, drought resistant Utilization: border, cut, naturalized area,Magnus,Sunset,Mango Meadowbright,Ruby Star Sunrise,Kims Knee High,Tomato Soup,Tiki Torch,Pink Poodle,Eupatorium spp

41、. Joe Pye weed,Flower Colors: mauve pink, purple, white Bloom time: late summer, fall Habit: 2 - 7 Culture: sun to partial shade; moist, wet soil Utilization: border, rain garden; butterflies; deer resistant,Euphorbia spp. euphorbia, spurge,Flower Colors: yellow to chartreuse, orange-red Bloom time:

42、 spring to early summer Habit: 6”- 3 Culture: sun to partial shade; moist or dry Utilization: border, rock garden,Festuca cinerea blue fescue,Flower Color: NS, blue foliage Habit: 6-10”, dense, hemispherical clump Culture: sun, part shade, well-drained; tolerates dry, infertile soil Utilization: edg

43、ing, mass, groundcover,Gaillardia x grandiflora blanket flower, Indian blanket,Flower Colors: red, yellow, combinations Bloom time: summer Habit: 2-3 Culture: sun, light, well-drained soil Utilization: cut, border,Fanfare,Sundance Bicolor,Gaura lindheimeri Gaura, whirling butterflies,Flower Colors:

44、pink, white Bloom time: early summer to frost Habit: vase shaped to 5 Culture: sun, well-drained soil; tap root, drought tolerant Utilization: border,Geranium sanguineum cranesbill, bloodred geranium,Flower Colors: magenta, pink, white Bloom time: late spring to early summer Habit: 6-12”, spread 24”

45、 Culture: part shade, moist soil; will tolerate full sun Utilization: border, rock garden, ground cover,Helianthus angustifolius Swamp or Narrow-leaf Sunflower,Flower Colors: yellow Bloom time: fall Habit: 6-7, 3-4 wide Culture: full sun; moist soil (native to wetland areas) Utilization: border, acc

46、ent,Heliotropium amplexicaule Hardy Heliotrope,Flower Colors: violet with yellow center Bloom time: spring to fall Habit: 12”, spread 2-3 Culture: full sun-part shade; drought tolerant Utilization: border, rock garden, ground cover,Hibiscus coccineus Star Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow, Swamp Hibiscu

47、s,Flower Colors: deep red Bloom time: early to late summer Habit: 3-6 tall Culture: full sun-part shade; wet soils, but quite drought tolerant Utilization: border, bog garden; rain garden,Lysimachia nummularia creeping jenny, moneywort,Flower Colors: yellow Bloom time: late spring Habit: 2-4”, sprea

48、ding Culture: sun or shade; moist soil Utilization: rock garden, ground cover, edging,Narcissus spp. daffodil, narcissus,Flower Colors: white, yellow, orange, orange-red, pink shades Bloom time: spring Habit: 6-24”, erect Culture: sun, part shade, well-drained soil Utilization: naturalized area, bor

49、der,Nepeta spp. catmint,Flower Colors: lavender blue Bloom time: spring Habit: 1-2 h, 1 -3 w, mounding Culture: sun, part shade, moist, well-drained soil Utilization: border, herb or rock garden, naturalized area, as groundcover; attracts butterflies & bees,Paeonia hybrids. peony, (P. suffruticosa) tree peony,Flower Colors: various Bloom time: late spring to early summer Habit: 3, round habit Culture: sun,

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